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To: Once beautiful inner city river got turned into a disaster for its denizens.
I would like to bring in the issue of Budha Nullah in Ludhiana.
This Nullah used to be a beautiful river going from the city 25-30 years back but now its nothing but a big shame for our city.
This Nullah is responsible for growing number of cancer cases for all those families which are not having water filter facility at their homes and are directly using under ground water .
Under ground water of our whole region from where this river flows has been effected and hence all the vegetables or Rice etc that are being grown there are also effected.
And this is also being distributed to other parts of the country as well as consumed locally.
I request you to please intiate some concrete steps against this as Government there is totally indifferent towards health and welfare of it people.
There is big lobby of mining industries which are dumping their mining waste with out any treatment into this River and they have not followed any rules of waste water treatment at all.
Recently in the past there has been some movements being launched to protect the city and its people but these all got pressurized from Govt. as well these rich industrialists.
Please use these links for futher information ::
Also please Read this Clipping from Wikipedia on this ::
The water of the stream is polluted after it enters Ludhiana City. Buddha Nullah used to be a fresh water channel with about 56 types of fish species prior to 1964. Now it has no fish because of the high level toxicity in the water. It is now an open sewer rather than a stream. Once an asset to the city, the Nullah is now a source of public nuisance and poses a serious health hazard.
The megacity has no sewage treatment plant. Untreated domestic and industrial sewerage of the city is emptied into Buddha Nullah. The nullah, in turn, empties into the mighty Sutlej flowing nearby. Hundreds of tonnes of raw sewage from Ludhiana flows into the Sutlej every day and is distributed all over the state through irrigation canals. This polluted water is in turn used for growing food crops, vegetables and fruits and is a known carrier of diseases. According the State Department of Fisheries the pollution of the Buddha Nullah has led to the drastic reduction in the fish yield in river Sutlej.
A joint study by PGIMER and Punjab Pollution Control Board in 2008, revealed that in villages along the Nullah, calcium, magnesium, fluoride, mercury, beta-endosulphan and heptachlor were more than permissible limit (MPL) in ground and tap waters. Plus the water had high concentration of COD and BOD (chemical and biochemical oxygen demand), ammonia, phosphate, chloride, chromium, arsenic and chlorpyrifos. The ground water also contains nickel and selenium, while the tap water has high concentration of lead, nickel and cadmium. According to PPCB, the nullah water requires a sewage treatment capacity of at least 150 million imperial gallons (680,000 m3) per day for treatment while present sewage treatment plants at Jamlapur, Nalloke and Bhattian have a combined capacity of 311 MLD.
In 2010, water samples taken from the Nullah, showed heavy metal content as quite high and the presence of uranium 1½ times the reference range. For example, chromium was 50 times the reference range, aluminum and iron 20 and 60 times higher, while concentration of silver, manganese, nickel and lead was equally high.
Why is this important?
1) This is effecting the food chain of the city and its neighboring areas and all the other areas where the rice,vegetables from this is being delivered.
2) Very high concentration of harmful chemicals like calcium, magnesium, fluoride, mercury, beta-endosulphan and heptachlorm, ammonia, phosphate, chloride, chromium, arsenic and chlorpyrifos,nickel and selenium,lead, nickel and cadmium are entering in the food chain of that areas as well into the tap water that people are daily drinking.
Also in 2010, water samples taken from the Nullah, showed heavy metal content as quite high and the presence of uranium 1½ times the reference range. For example, chromium was 50 times the reference range, aluminum and iron 20 and 60 times higher, while concentration of silver, manganese, nickel and lead was equally high.
3) Many cancer related diseases are rapidly spreading around that area because of this.